Making renewable energy a mainstream resource through increased access, knowledge and adaptation contributing to improved living conditions of people in Nepal.
Improvement of the living conditions of the rural population by easing its access to energy technologies with better performance in terms of productivity, use versatility and environmental impacts.
At the Annual Consultations between Government of Nepal (HMG/N) and the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark (GKD) in May 1996 it was agreed to establish an Energy Sector Assistance Programme (ESAP) to be financed by DANIDA. DANIDA and HMG/N approved the Programme Document, and a DKK 154 million agreement between GoN and GKD for DANIDA support to ESAP Phase I was signed on 26 March 1999. The ESAP consisted of five components for the initial five year phase. One of the components is Promotion of Improved Cooking Stoves, aimed at building community, district, and national level capacity to promote and disseminate improved cooking stoves (ICS).
More than 396,000 stoves have been disseminated in 45 mid hill districts. This component has been successful at achieving its predefined objective and meeting targets of disseminating quality ICS, information awareness, and networking in targeted area. The effort made by AEPC/ESAP's ICS component is still important and relevant for more than 1.5 million potential households in the mid-hills who are not yet equipped with ICS. A good deal of useful experience has been gained and ESAP is in a position to scale-up ICS dissemination. ICS Component in Phase-2, renamed Biomass Energy Support Programme, is designed to include all major biomass energy technologies as solutions to rural energy problems.
The biomass energy component in ESAP - Phase II will expedite mass dissemination of improved cooking stoves in Mid -Hills, High Mountains and Terai along with initiatives taken to introduce and promote other biomass technologies for optimized technical and social uses of biomass resource. Specifically the objectives are:
- Improving the capacity of local organizations to offer affordable biomass energy (BE) solutions to the rural communities with quality assurance
- Addressing gender, health, environment and socio-economic issues, including reduction of women and children's drudgery through implementation of biomass energy solutions
- Popularizing biomass energy solutions in rural communities
The physically verifiable component targets, in addition to capacity building, information awareness, environmental and health benefits and policy, etc. for phase II (2007-2011) are:
- 434,000 Improved Cooking Stoves installed in Mid Hills and Terai
- 10,000 household gassifiers disseminated through commercial market
- 1000 Institutional gassifiers disseminated on economic basis
- 5,000 Institutional improved cooking stoves installed as demonstration
- 50,000 stoves in high hill installed
The biomass component also includes measurements of indoor air pollution, including a comparative of ICS user and non user houses.